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Ágota Bányai1

University of Miskolc, Miskolc-Egyetemváros, 3515, Hungary

Received: 13 June 2023
Revised: 30 September 2023
Accepted: 23 October 2023
Published: 31 December 2023


Manufacturing and service companies in different sectors are trying to green their supply chains in two ways: by optimizing processes and by using green technologies such as electric vehicles. Cross-docking offers a good solution for optimizing supply chain processes. The aim of this research is to investigate how cross-docking supply with electric vehicles can lead to energy efficient solutions and emission reduction. The scientific novelty of this research is the integration of a process improvement solution and the application of advanced technology through optimization. The presented functional model, mathematical model and its solution algorithm are suitable to demonstrate the economic feasibility of applying a cross-docking facility and solving the transportation tasks with e-trucks for a conventional supply chain. Based on the numerical studies presented, it can be concluded, that the proposed solution can significantly contribute to the optimization of local and global supply chains, reducing the ecological footprint of supply chains both locally and globally. As the analysis of case studies shows, it is possible to reach an energy efficiency improvement of about 40%, which can also lead to a significant GHG emission up to 30%.


GHG emission, energy consumption, optimization, logistics operations, supply chain management


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© 2023 by the authors. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Volume 8
Number 4
December 2023

Last Edition

Volume 8
Number 2

How to Cite

Á. Bányai, Energy-Efficiency and Sustainability in Cross-Docking Supply Using E-vehicles. Applied Engineering Letters, 8(4), 2023: 139-147.

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