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DETERMINATION OF A SAFETY FACTOR OF A CAR WHEEL RIM USING FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS IN SOLIDWORKS

Authors:

Eleonora Desnica1
, Mića Đurđev1
, Bojana Vaščić1
, Raul Turmanidze2

Predrag Dašić3

1University of Novi Sad, Technical Faculty “Mihajlo Pupin”, Zrenjanin, Serbia
2Georgian Technical University (GTU), Department of Production Technologies of Mechanical Engineering, Tbilisi, Georgia
3Academy of Professional Studies Sumadija, Kragujevac, Serbia

Received: 16.05.2022.
Accepted: 20.10.2022.
Available: 31.12.2022.

Abstract:

In this paper, a static analysis of car wheel rims made of different materials was performed with the aim of determining their safety factors. Selection of suitable car rims is very important since they are subject to different loads and have the role of transferring car mass both in static and dynamic conditions. Considering the high stresses that occur, car rims are made of strong and durable materials. For the purposes of static analysis and determination of safety factors of car rims, this research considered steel, aluminium, magnesium and carbon fibre rims. Based on the technical drawing of a car wheel rim, a solid model was created within the SolidWorks software, after which the calculation and simulation of loads and stresses is achieved. Afterwards, the safety factors of the car wheel rim made of four considered materials were determined using the finite element analysis (FEA). According to the obtained results regarding safety factors, it can be concluded that the carbon fibre wheel rims are the most suitable alternative for static conditions of exploitation.

Keywords:

Car wheel rim, static analysis, finite element analysis (FEA), safety factor

References:

[1] E. Desnica, M. Nikolić, Industrial Design. Technical Faculty „Mihajlo Pupin“, Zrenjanin, Serbia, 2012.
[2] A. Maknickas, O. Ardatov, M. Bogdevičius, R. Kačianauskas, Modelling the Interaction Between a Laterally Deflected Car Tyre and a Road Surface, Applied Sciences, 12(22), 2022: 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/app122211332
[3] „CAD/CAM“ Digital notes. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Malla reddy college of engineering & technology (MRCET), India, 2015.
[4] M. McMahon, Wheels & Tyres, Trade of Motor Mechanic – Module 7, Unit 1. SOLAS, 2013.
[5] H. Walther, Development of Lightweight Laminated Composite Wheel for Formula SAE Race Vehicles, Master thesis. Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas, 2016. http://hdl.handle.net/1808/21984
[6] S.L. Gondhali, A.D. Dhale, S. Pagare, Static Structural Analysis of Car Rim by Finite Element Method. In: H. Vasudevan, V. Kottur, A. Raina (eds). Proceedings of International Conference on Intelligent Manufacturing and Automation. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, 2019: 181-193. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2490-1_17
[7] G. Genta, L. Morello, F. Cavallino, L. Filtri, The Motor Car Past, Present and Future. Springer, Dordrecht, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-8552-6
[8] G. Leister, Passenger Car Tires and Wheels, Development – Manufacturing – Application. Springer-Verlag, Wiesbaden, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-50118-5
[9] S. Nallusamy, N.M. Prabu, K. Balakannan, G. Majumdar, Analysis of Static Stress in an Alloy Wheel of the Passengercar. International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa, 16, 2015: 17-25.
https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/JERA.16.17
[10] P. S. Bisht, A. Awasthi, Analysis of E-Glass Fiber Wheel Rim by Using ANSYS, in: M. Muzammil, A. Chandra, P. K. Kankar, H. Kumar (Ed.), Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, 2021, 79-91. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-8704-7_9
[11] T. Siva Prasad, T. Krishnaiah, J. Md. Iliyas, M. Jayapal Reddy, A Review on Modeling and Analysis of Car Wheel Rim using CATIA & ANSYS. International Journal of Innovative Science and Modern Engineering, 2 (6), 2014: 1-5.
[12] J. Stearns, T. S. Srivatsan, X. Gao, P. C. Lam, Understanding the Influence of Pressure and Radial Loadson Stress and Displacement Response of a Rotating Body: The Automobile Wheel. International Journal of Rotating Machinery, 2006, 2006: 60193. https://doi.org/10.1155/IJRM/2006/60193
[13] D. Soni, G. Bhatt, Static Analysis of Automotive Wheel Rim of Different Designs. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2297 (1), 2020: 020014. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0029809
[14] A. Cray, Tire Tech 101: Wheel Terminology. MH Magazine, 2022. https://www.offroaders.com/technical/wheel-terminology/ (Data of last access: 12.05.2022.)
[15] J. Takahashi, H. Zushi, T. Suzuki, H. Nagai, K. Kageyama, H. Yoshinari, Life Cycle Assessment of Ultra Lightweight Vehicles Using CFRP. The Fifth International Conference on EcoBalance, 6-8 November, 2002, Tsukuba, Japan.
[16] H. Ahmad, A.A. Markina, M.V. Porotnikov, F. Ahmad, A Review of Carbon Fiber Materials in Automotive Industry. IOP Conferences Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 971, 2020: 032011. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/971/3/032011
[17] S. Agarwal, M. Tripathi, P. Dey, R. Kumar, A. Awasthi, Modelling & Static Analysis of Automotive Wheel Rim using different materials. IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1116, 2021: 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/1116/1/012021
[18] B. Bastin, S. Adars, A. Madhu, A. Krishnan, B. Jose, P. Raj, Finite Element Analysis of Wheel Rim Using Abaqus Software. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 7 (2), 2017: 31-34. https://doi.org/10.9790/9622-0702013034
[19] V. Mereuta, Static Analysis of Wheel Rim Using Inventor Software. International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET), 9 (11), 2021: 722-729. https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2021.38671
[20] P. Deka, F. Bagherzadeh, S. Murugesan, Radial Fatigue Analysis of Automotive Wheel Rim (ISO 3006). Asian Journal of Convergence in Technology, 7(1), 2021: 66-70. https://doi.org/10.33130/AJCT.2021v07i01.015
[21] S.Y. Kandukuri, A. Pai, M. Manikandan, Scope of Carbon Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Wheel Rims for Formula Student Race cars: A Finite Element Analytical approach. Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series C, 103, 2022: 939-948. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40032-022-00808-w
[22] V.S. Choudhary, W.J. Akram, M.S. Yaseen, M. Saifudheen, Design and Analysis of Wheel Rim with Magnesium Alloys (ZK60A) by Using Solidworks and Finite Element Method. International Research Journal of Automotive Technology, 1 (3), 2018: 1-16.
[23] S. Mondal, A. Ghosh, N.V. Desphande, Automobile Wheel Material Selection Using Multi – Objective Optimization on the Basis of Ratio Analysis (MOORA) Method. International Journal of Research Publications in Engineering and Technology (IJRPET), 3(5), 2017: 45-49.
[24] V. Frishfelds, A. Timuhins, U. Bethers, Benefits of Magnesium Wheels for Consumer Cars. IOP Conferences Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 355, 2018: 012023. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/355/1/012023
[25] D. Planchard, Engineering Design with SOLIDWORKS 2020. SDC Publications, 2020.
[26] Y.P.S. Parihar, A. Chakraborty, Dynamic Design and Analysis of Car Wheel Rim Using FEA Method. International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET), 10 (5), 2022: 723-734. https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2022.42319
[27] R. Huňady, M. Fabian, P. Lengvarský, A. Mareš, F. Kupec, Design and Fatigue Analysis of an Aluminium Alloy Aerodynamic Wheel. International Journal of Vehicle Design, 85(1), 2021: 97-113. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJVD.2021.117167
[28] S. Abdullah, N.A. Al-Asady, A.K. Ariffin and M.M. Rahman, A Review on Finite Element Analysis Approaches in Durability Assessment of Automotive Components. Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(12), 2008: 2192-2201.
https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2008.2192.2201
[29] A.R. Prabowo, Y. Sanjaya, F. Imaduddin, Forecasting Technical Performance and Cost Estimation of Designed Rim Wheels Based on Variations of Geometrical Parameters. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Materials, 31(1), 2022: 200-211. https://doi.org/10.1515/jmbm-2022-0022
[30] E. Desnica, D. Kljajić, M. Đurđev, FEA Application Method for Stress Test of the Wheel for Motor and Trailer Vehicles. Machine Design, 11(3), 2019: 95-100.
[31] S. Tarkowski, A. Nieoczym, J. Caban, P. Jilek, M. Sejkorová, The Analysis of Pneumatic Wheel Rim Deformation While Hitting an Obstacle. Applied sciences, 12(13), 2022: 6371. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12136371

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Volume 7
Number 4
December 2022

Last Edition

Volume 7
Number 3
December 2022

DETERMINATION OF A SAFETY FACTOR OF A CAR WHEEL RIM USING FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS IN SOLIDWORKS

Authors:

Eleonora Desnica1
, Mića Đurđev1
, Bojana Vaščić1
, Raul Turmanidze2
, Predrag Dašić2

1University of Novi Sad, Technical Faculty “Mihajlo Pupin”, Zrenjanin, Serbia
2Georgian Technical University (GTU), Department of Production Technologies of Mechanical Engineering, Tbilisi, Georgia
3Academy of Professional Studies Sumadija, Kragujevac, Serbia

Received: 16.05.2022.
Accepted: 20.10.2022.
Available: 31.12.2022.

Abstract:

In this paper, a static analysis of car wheel rims made of different materials was performed with the aim of determining their safety factors. Selection of suitable car rims is very important since they are subject to different loads and have the role of transferring car mass both in static and dynamic conditions. Considering the high stresses that occur, car rims are made of strong and durable materials. For the purposes of static analysis and determination of safety factors of car rims, this research considered steel, aluminium, magnesium and carbon fibre rims. Based on the technical drawing of a car wheel rim, a solid model was created within the SolidWorks software, after which the calculation and simulation of loads and stresses is achieved. Afterwards, the safety factors of the car wheel rim made of four considered materials were determined using the finite element analysis (FEA). According to the obtained results regarding safety factors, it can be concluded that the carbon fibre wheel rims are the most suitable alternative for static conditions of exploitation.

Keywords:

Car wheel rim, static analysis, finite element analysis (FEA), safety factor

References:

[1] E. Desnica, M. Nikolić, Industrial Design. Technical Faculty „Mihajlo Pupin“, Zrenjanin, Serbia, 2012.
[2] A. Maknickas, O. Ardatov, M. Bogdevičius, R. Kačianauskas, Modelling the Interaction Between a Laterally Deflected Car Tyre and a Road Surface, Applied Sciences, 12(22), 2022: 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/app122211332
[3] „CAD/CAM“ Digital notes. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Malla reddy college of engineering & technology (MRCET), India, 2015.
[4] M. McMahon, Wheels & Tyres, Trade of Motor Mechanic – Module 7, Unit 1. SOLAS, 2013.
[5] H. Walther, Development of Lightweight Laminated Composite Wheel for Formula SAE Race Vehicles, Master thesis. Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas, 2016. http://hdl.handle.net/1808/21984
[6] S.L. Gondhali, A.D. Dhale, S. Pagare, Static Structural Analysis of Car Rim by Finite Element Method. In: H. Vasudevan, V. Kottur, A. Raina (eds). Proceedings of International Conference on Intelligent Manufacturing and Automation. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, 2019: 181-193. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2490-1_17
[7] G. Genta, L. Morello, F. Cavallino, L. Filtri, The Motor Car Past, Present and Future. Springer, Dordrecht, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-8552-6
[8] G. Leister, Passenger Car Tires and Wheels, Development – Manufacturing – Application. Springer-Verlag, Wiesbaden, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-50118-5
[9] S. Nallusamy, N.M. Prabu, K. Balakannan, G. Majumdar, Analysis of Static Stress in an Alloy Wheel of the Passengercar. International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa, 16, 2015: 17-25. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/JERA.16.17
[10] P. S. Bisht, A. Awasthi, Analysis of E-Glass Fiber Wheel Rim by Using ANSYS, in: M. Muzammil, A. Chandra, P. K. Kankar, H. Kumar (Ed.), Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, 2021, 79-91. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-8704-7_9
[11] T. Siva Prasad, T. Krishnaiah, J. Md. Iliyas, M. Jayapal Reddy, A Review on Modeling and Analysis of Car Wheel Rim using CATIA & ANSYS. International Journal of Innovative Science and Modern Engineering, 2 (6), 2014: 1-5.
[12] J. Stearns, T. S. Srivatsan, X. Gao, P. C. Lam, Understanding the Influence of Pressure and Radial Loadson Stress and Displacement Response of a Rotating Body: The Automobile Wheel. International Journal of Rotating Machinery, 2006, 2006: 60193. https://doi.org/10.1155/IJRM/2006/60193
[13] D. Soni, G. Bhatt, Static Analysis of Automotive Wheel Rim of Different Designs. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2297 (1), 2020: 020014. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0029809
[14] A. Cray, Tire Tech 101: Wheel Terminology. MH Magazine, 2022. https://www.offroaders.com/technical/wheel-terminology/ (Data of last access: 12.05.2022.)
[15] J. Takahashi, H. Zushi, T. Suzuki, H. Nagai, K. Kageyama, H. Yoshinari, Life Cycle Assessment of Ultra Lightweight Vehicles Using CFRP. The Fifth International Conference on EcoBalance, 6-8 November, 2002, Tsukuba, Japan.
[16] H. Ahmad, A.A. Markina, M.V. Porotnikov, F. Ahmad, A Review of Carbon Fiber Materials in Automotive Industry. IOP Conferences Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 971, 2020: 032011.
https://doi:10.1088/1757-899X/971/3/032011
[17] S. Agarwal, M. Tripathi, P. Dey, R. Kumar, A. Awasthi, Modelling & Static Analysis of Automotive Wheel Rim using different materials. IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1116, 2021: 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/1116/1/012021
[18] B. Bastin, S. Adars, A. Madhu, A. Krishnan, B. Jose, P. Raj, Finite Element Analysis of Wheel Rim Using Abaqus Software. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 7 (2), 2017: 31-34. https://doi.org/10.9790/9622-0702013034
[19] V. Mereuta, Static Analysis of Wheel Rim Using Inventor Software. International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET), 9 (11), 2021: 722-729. https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2021.38671
[20] P. Deka, F. Bagherzadeh, S. Murugesan, Radial Fatigue Analysis of Automotive Wheel Rim (ISO 3006). Asian Journal of Convergence in Technology, 7(1), 2021: 66-70. https://doi.org/10.33130/AJCT.2021v07i01.015
[21] S.Y. Kandukuri, A. Pai, M. Manikandan, Scope of Carbon Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Wheel Rims for Formula Student Race cars: A Finite Element Analytical approach. Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series C, 103, 2022: 939-948. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40032-022-00808-w
[22] V.S. Choudhary, W.J. Akram, M.S. Yaseen, M. Saifudheen, Design and Analysis of Wheel Rim with Magnesium Alloys (ZK60A) by Using Solidworks and Finite Element Method. International Research Journal of Automotive Technology, 1 (3), 2018: 1-16.
[23] S. Mondal, A. Ghosh, N.V. Desphande, Automobile Wheel Material Selection Using Multi – Objective Optimization on the Basis of Ratio Analysis (MOORA) Method. International Journal of Research Publications in Engineering and Technology (IJRPET), 3(5), 2017: 45-49.
[24] V. Frishfelds, A. Timuhins, U. Bethers, Benefits of Magnesium Wheels for Consumer Cars. IOP Conferences Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 355, 2018: 012023.
https://doi:10.1088/1757-899X/355/1/012023
[25] D. Planchard, Engineering Design with SOLIDWORKS 2020. SDC Publications, 2020.
[26] Y.P.S. Parihar, A. Chakraborty, Dynamic Design and Analysis of Car Wheel Rim Using FEA Method. International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET), 10 (5), 2022: 723-734. https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2022.42319
[27] R. Huňady, M. Fabian, P. Lengvarský, A. Mareš, F. Kupec, Design and Fatigue Analysis of an Aluminium Alloy Aerodynamic Wheel. International Journal of Vehicle Design, 85(1), 2021: 97-113. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJVD.2021.117167
[28] S. Abdullah, N.A. Al-Asady, A.K. Ariffin and M.M. Rahman, A Review on Finite Element Analysis Approaches in Durability Assessment of Automotive Components. Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(12), 2008: 2192-2201. https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2008.2192.2201
[29] A.R. Prabowo, Y. Sanjaya, F. Imaduddin, Forecasting Technical Performance and Cost Estimation of Designed Rim Wheels Based on Variations of Geometrical Parameters. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Materials, 31(1), 2022: 200-211. https://doi.org/10.1515/jmbm-2022-0022
[30] E. Desnica, D. Kljajić, M. Đurđev, FEA Application Method for Stress Test of the Wheel for Motor and Trailer Vehicles. Machine Design, 11(3), 2019: 95-100.
[31] S. Tarkowski, A. Nieoczym, J. Caban, P. Jilek, M. Sejkorová, The Analysis of Pneumatic Wheel Rim Deformation While Hitting an Obstacle. Applied sciences, 12(13), 2022: 6371. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12136371

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Volume 7
Number 4
December 2022

Last Edition

Volume 7
Number 3
December 2022